This short history has been compiled from the study of a number of other works, is particular those of W.B.Emery, Jean Vercoutter, J.H.Breasted, Lord Kinross and G.E.Kirk.
It is generally agreed that the history of a united Egypt started about the end of the 4th millenium B.C. with the establishment of the “First Dynasty”. The date of this event is put by different authorities at various times between 3400 B.C. and 2850 B.C. But there were agricultural communities in Egypt for many centuries before this. Nomadic hunters may have settled to an agricultural life in the Nile valley as early as 5000 B.C.
In the same way that the early civilisations in Mesopotamia owed their existence to the waters of the Euphrates and the Tigris, those in Egypt were dependent on the Nile, whose regular annual inundation left a deposit of fertile silt. On either side of this narrow strip of “Black Land” was the desert or “Red Land” – the realm of the dead where the tombs of the kings and nobles were later built.
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