Technology Internet

Different Types of Internet Protocols : A Quick Guide

Internet Protocols

Internet Network protocols? Every network of the internet acts with specific sets of rules. The types of internet protocols update from time to time. 

Protocols are rules that describe how clients and servers communicate on the Internet. The internet uses different protocols. 

Many users communicate with different devices in different languages.

It also includes several ways in which they transfer data using the various programs implemented. 

Global communication is impossible without fixed standards that govern how users transmit data and how our devices process this data.

The internet uses different protocols for internet communication.

What are Internet Network Protocols?

Internet protocols are a set of rules, practices, and data structures that govern how devices exchange data over networks. Internet Network protocols can be considered as languages ​​that must contain two devices for continuous communication regardless of their differences in infrastructure and design.

Internet and World Wide Web are different

Generally, Internet protocol (IP) uses a set of rules to send and receive messages at the internet address level. It works the same for servers and clients. Without a protocol, data cannot transmit from one point to another. That is why we use internet protocols to solve this particular problem.

Why are Internet Protocols essential for network purposes?

Internet Protocol (IP) are essential rules for sending and receiving messages about an Internet address. It also works for the server and the client. Without a protocol, no data can transmit from one point to another. That is why we use internet protocols to solve this particular problem. I share the six types of protocols below;

1. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

HTTP is a protocol used to transmit web pages from a web server to an Internet client. A web client is usually a web browser. In particular, it is a set of HTTP rules needed to share files such as text, images, videos, and multimedia content on the internet.

The principle of the HTTP protocol is that files contain links to other files, so they link to each other. Thus, files sent over HTTP are HTML files, and other files are accessible over HTTP. 

2. File Transfer Protocol

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) develop to allow researchers to have access to large programs and data files. Previous users have protected most file accesses with simple usernames and passwords, but many reserve small FTP portions sites for anonymous or public access.

To access files via an anonymous FTP server, use the global user ID anonymous and enter your email address as a password. Unnamed FTP internet access is so popular that many FTP clients will automatically connect to you.

FTP servers are spread across the Internet and are generally accessible to everyone. As a result, companies have discovered many uses for FTP servers as information efficiency, access points, and distribution. 

For example, when you download programs and documents from websites, you are usually redirected to FTP websites to download.

3. Electronic Mail

Email developed by Ray Tomlinson is a method of exchanging messages between people using electronic devices. Its first use on computer networks and the Internet was in the 1960s and 1970s.

The default IMAP ports:

Email protocol version 3 (POP3) is a standard email protocol for receiving email from a remote server to a local email client. You can download it using the POP3 protocol.

Read an email from your local computer, even if you are not offline. Please note that messages are downloaded locally and deleted from the email server when you log into your email account using the POP3 protocol.

The default SMTP ports:

Internet Messaging Protocol (IMAP) is an email protocol used to access email from a client on a remote server. 

IMAP and POP3 are the two most commonly used Internet protocols for monitoring email.

4. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SMTP was defined as an Internet standard in 1982 by RFC 821 and updated in 2008 by RFC 5321 after several SMTP add-ons, a variant of the protocol widely used today.

SMTP working:

such as Outlook or Gmail, to the mail server. 

Secondly, the mail server uses SMTP as a forwarding service to send emails to the receiving mail server. 

Thirdly, the receiving server uses an email client to retrieve incoming email via IMAP and deliver it to the recipient mailbox.

SMTP stops sometimes:

Most of us do not know this, but our ISPs usually limit the number of emails we can send at the same time. It limits to a fixed number per hour or day.

Each ISP relies on its SMTP to determine (and manage) which emails can send over the connection. (It is a log all.) For some people who work from home or manage large mailing lists, this can be a problem. 

When the limit is reached, the ISP will stop sending emails. If he thinks you’re a spammer, your account will be deleted as well.

5. Gopher protocol

Gopher provides content descriptions to make your file easier to find. Files are organized hierarchically on the remote computer, just as files are on the computer hard drive. This protocol is no longer in use, but job sites still exist.

6. Telnet Protocol

You can connect to and use a remote computer program through Telnet. Often attach a specific program to the server that allows you to use the application on a computer. Again, the use of this protocol requires a Special program.


I conclude that different internet protocols are essential to understand the network system. These 6 Protocols give you information about internetworking performance. Every protocol has a unique way to operate and perform specific communication tasks.