Do you know that electrical fatalities accounted for 3% of all fatalities in 2019, which was the same in 2020? Considering all the other possibilities of hazards across the world, this is a much higher number. So, it is of extreme importance for a construction firm or an industry to devise a plan and set some precautionary measures to prevent these electrical hazards. This plan is the “ Electrical Construction Quality Control Plan.”
In electrical construction quality control plan, electrical technicians use a plan to minimize the chances of harmful hazards in the field or the industry. It is a part of quality management. The technicians and quality control experts can evaluate a product at any stage of the manufacturing process. They also compare the quality of the product with the established standards to see if the quality of the product is up to par.
Electrical Construction demands strict quality control to prevent hazards both on the manufacturing end and the customer’s end. During the electrical construction process, it is extremely important for the inspectors to test quality at various levels of completion. Contractors can use this to avoid expensive rework and complications.
Importance of a Quality Control plan
Quality control is a subpart of quality management that ensures safe and secure manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment. Industries use multiple tests for checking the standard of quality. The manager for quality assurance works on the material of electrical products. He tries his best to provide the best conducting material that enhances the quality of his product.
On the other hand, the inspection team checks the quality from the beginning level to the finalizing level. Electrical contractors use this to pass the inspection result and avoid expensive rework.
The success of an electrical project involves two factors:
- Completion of Installation as per contract document
- Quality of the installation according to schedule.
It is ensured through managers and electrical contractors to make a product with the best quality material. Due to which the rework process will be reduced and prevent expensive lawsuits.
Requirements for a electrical construction quality control pan
Quality assurance is the main responsibility of the Manager, which includes the following requirements:
- The person should be present for a specific item
- The regulatory body of the good electrical product and customer requirement can be identified
- Electrical items include filing, the index recorded in books
- Employees, workers have proper qualifications and equipment as per standards
- Non-conforming and error omitted action report
Issues in Quality of Products
There are many chances of faults in electrical products. The EPC Contractor and test plan are considered in the electrical construction quality control plan. It is the duty of a control manager to see the problem and fix it. These errors are usually checked at the inspection level.
Subcontractors have Intel of construction quality control to analyze this type of fault. The constructor contractor arranges the meetings to achieve the resolution of technical questions and quality control requirements. The contractor gives access to the plant owner, inspector, and manager to check the fault on any portion of the project. For analyzing the error, there are many online tools to enhance the quality of a product.
Standards for electrical construction quality control plan
The guidelines for an electrical contractor for quality control are defined from the definition and implementation of the plan. Some building specifications are required to substitute with unique ideas of specifications.
The ISO9000 is a standard or protocol for the quality management systems which are used to create rules. The control manager uses this standard. The system’s intention is not just focused merely on enhancing the program. However, it has some electrical construction quality control plans.
FTA Quality Assurance and Control guideline and USACE Control Requirements are the standards for ensuring the quality of electrical construction.
While writing a plan for quality control, quality managers have unique ideas and considerations of customers.
Steps for writing electrical construction quality control plan
There must be a section for signature while writing the construction quality control plan so that everyone can read and agree. There is also a space for information related to the project, which explains the description of the project.
Step 1: Documentation and charts
The first step to write a quality control plan is to organize the chart, which helps the company to give responsibility to each member. Having an organizing chart makes it easier to understand the work for everyone. The tasks mentioned in the charts are related to quality control which depends on the inspection from start to end.
With charts, proper documentation has an impact on writing the plan. The resume and certificates of every member should be good enough to analyze the quality and write about them. For big projects, workers must have project-related skills, which should be mentioned in documents.
Step 2: Assign the duties
Duties must be assigned to the quality control team based on the following guidelines,
- Maintaining the data
- Check and balance of Material
Duties are being properly assigned so that no confusion is made among the members.
The control manager has the ability to stop the work when any fault is there, which includes non-compliance to the standards or poorer material.
Step 3: Define work
The main objective is to fulfill the customer expectations. The manager must clearly meet the requirement of the customer for each contract before it is approved.
It is the responsibility of the Project Manager to verify the information and necessary details regarding the quality plan. Building specifications must also be clearly defined.
Step 4: Explain the phases of inspection
Many times, preparatory meetings are scheduled to make drafts regarding the construction elements.
Each inspection evaluates the scope of the project and related specifications. There is a starting inspection that verifies testing, establishes workmanship level, and ensures the product is fault-free and follows all the quality control protocols.
If it’s needed, the manager asks the contractor to replace the particular piece of material.
The purpose of the electrical inspections is to verify the installation. Final inspections determine whether the project is usable or not.
Step 5: Quality Control testing
The final section of the construction quality control plan has to cover a lot of ground. This section overviews testing, verification, submittals, tracking, and weekly logs. It lays out the tests that will be administered, the time frame the quality control manager must give before the test, what happens when a test fails, how the records will be stored, and the procedures around it.
An electrical construction quality control plan is a set of procedures or techniques established to ensure the safety, security, and, most importantly, the quality of an electrical product. Quality control officers and inspectors are individuals who are experts in evaluating the quality of a product. This evaluation can occur several times at the manufacturing stage or at the installation phase.
Electrical construction quality control is important for preventing electrical hazards, which are extremely common in today’s world. There are certain requirements for quality control, such as the expertise of the workers, the presence and availability of the workers, and possession of advanced evaluation equipment. A quality control plan is written in certain steps, and a bench of experts is usually hired to write such a plan. These experts analyze the industry, their products and assign duties to the workers.
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