Business & Management

The Gerund in English Grammar


What is the meaning of gerund?

gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding “ing.” The gerund form of the verb “eat” is “eating.” You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Structure of the Gerund: verb + ing

Gerund also acts like a noun, for example:

1- Skiing is the best activity for me.

2- Hunting tigers is dangerous.

3- Singing is my favorite hobby. 

Here as we see in the above examples we can use a gerund as a noun in the sentence. 

Gerund After Preopsition

We can also put gerunds after prepositions, How can we do this? look at the example below:

1- After eating, I went out.

2-The dog can’t live without eating.

3-By working hard, you will reach your goal.

Verb + Preposition + Gerund  

1- Ask about + gerund ( I want to ask about buying this item.)

2- Apologize for + gerund. ( I apologize for saying a bad word to my brother.)

3- Depend on + gerund. ( I depended on having my plan to reach the target .)

4- Believe in + gerund. (I believe in having you in my life .)

5- Aim at + gerund. ( The policemen aim at keeping people safe .)

6- Decide to  + gerund. ( I decided to taking these flowers to her. )

7- Care for + gerund. ( I care for feeding my baby every day .)

8- Look forward to+ gerund. ( I look forward to meeting you tonight .)

9- Rely on + gerund. ( I rely on him washing my car every morning .)

10- Pay for + gerund. (I Pay for using the computer at college.)

11- Insist on + gerund. ( I  insist on studying every night.)

12- Worry about + gerund. ( I worry about leaving her alone .)

13- Give up + gerund. ( I will give up smoking).

14- Talk about + gerund. ( I was talking about losing my phone in the mall .)

15- Agree to + gerund. ( I agree to travelling abroad)

16- Succeed in + gerund. ( I succeeded in meeting the deadline in the project .)

17- Used to + gerund. ( I used to playing tennis when I was a child. )

18- Take to + gerund. ( He took to studying Turkish language yesterday.)

19- Leave off + gerund. ( He left off playing football .)

20- Keep on + gerund. (  I keep on following the diet .)

21- Put off + gerund. ( I put off doing my task for tomorrow.)

22-Concentrate on + gerund (I can’t concentrate on reading the book.)

See Also
What is a verb?
The Adverbs in English Grammar