How to Use Prepositions in English Grammar

It’s a short word that connects with nouns, pronouns, and many things inside the sentence. it comes before people, places, and objects….etc.

It could refer to a place, for example: I am in Paris.

It could refer to people, for example:  I am going out with my friends……. and so on

Examples for prepositions:( for – by – at – on – in – of – over …… etc), however, we have to use these prepositions according to the situations inside the sentence. we have more than one type for prepositions :

Simple Prepositions

(it consists of one word)


at we use it to express about the time and places, for example:

1. I wake up at 5 o’clock.

2. I go to school at 8 o’clock.

on  We use it for days and dates, for example: 

on Friday- on Tuesday- on Christmas

in For a longer time, for example:

in winter – in summer – in 1991 – in the 19th century.

to  We use it to show who receives something or action, for example:

Could you give these flowers to your mum, please?

by 1-  ًًWe use by + place and it means ( beside), for example:

I live by the shore.

2- We use by + any transportation, for example:

I go to work by train.

3- We use by + any kind of communication, for example:

Let’s talk by phone.

4- We use it before paying something ( the method of paying), for example: 

I will pay by credit card.

under  It means ( below) to describe a place of any object, for example:

The books under the bed.

across We use it to express moving from place to place, for example:

I am moving across the sea.

 with  We use it to describe someone -something -possessions, for example :

1.The girl with blue eyes.

2. Keep these keys with you, please.

Compound Prepositions

( it consists of two words )


in front of We use it to express and describe a place or situation for a person or something, for example:

 He is standing in front of me.                        

instead of We use instead of in this way : (Instead of + noun)

I ordered meat instead of chicken.

according to We use it to express agreeing with or depending on something,

1. According to her, it’s a great movie.

2. I want everything to be according to my plan.

away from It means the distance from person, place, and thing.

I keep the dog away from me.

because of – We use it to express reason or cause of something (person)

– We use it in this way ( because of + noun), for example:

1. I didn’t come because of my illness.

2. I am crying because of you.

next to It means beside someone or something, for example:

1. I live next to my mum.

2. He was standing next to me in the line.

 between It consists of two words (Bet+ween).

You have to choose between us.

without We use it in the sentence in two ways;

– (Without+ noun ), for example:

I can’t live without you.

– ( without + gerund), for example:

He had gone without saying anything to me.

See Also
What is a Verb?
Punctuation Marks in English