passive

Passive Voice in English Grammar

Active and Passive

The sentence is written in active when the subject of the sentence performs the action in the sentence.

For examples:

1-The girl is sleeping in the room.
2-The cashier counted the money.
3-The engineer designs the compound.
4-The president opened the building.
5-The cat kills the mice.

A sentence is written in passive when the subject of the sentence has an action done to it by someone or something else.

For examples:

1-My homework is done by me.
2-The cake is made by my mother.
3-The letters had been delivered by him.
4-New workers will be hired by the company.
5-The children will be taken to the school by the driver.

How can we change from active to Passive?

I do my homework. (This sentence is Active)

In this sentence the active subject is I, do is the action and the verb in the present simple tense.

Tip:

-The active verb here is I and it is in the present simple.

-The action is do

How we change this sentence to passive?

Object+ verb+ subject

My homework is done by me


2. Anna hits the ball. Active

In this sentence the subject is Anna hits refers to the action, the ball is the object.

How we change this sentence to passive?

Object+ verb+ subject.

The ball is hit by Anna.

Passive in Present Simple

1-Active: clean(s)- see(s)- play(s).

2-Passive: am – is – are + past participle. (cleaned- seen- played)

Examples:

1. I clean the room every day. (active)

The room is cleaned every day by me. (passive)

2. The company hires new workers this week. (active)

New workers are hired this week by the company. (passive)

3. Careless drivers cause many accidents. (active)

Many accidents are caused by careless driving. (passive)

Passive in Past Simple

1-Active: cleaned -saw-played.

2-Passive: was – were+ past participle.

Examples:

1. I cleaned the room yesterday. (active)

The room was cleaned yesterday by me. (passive)

2.The company hired new workers last week. (active)

New workers were hired last week by the company. (passive)

Passive in Present Perfect

1-Active: have /has + past participle.

2-Passive: have/has +been + past participle.

Examples:

1. I have cleaned the room. (active)

The room has been cleaned by me. (passive)

2. The company has hired new workers. (active)

New workers have been hired by the company. (passive)

Passive in Past Perfect

1-Active: had + Past Participle.

2-Passive: had + been +Past Participle.

Examples:

1. I had cleaned the room. (active)

The room had been cleaned by me. (passive)

2. The company had hired new workers. (active)

New workers had been hired by the company. (passive)

Passive in Present Continuous

1-Active: am – is – are + v +ing (doing- playing ……)

2-Passive: am – is- are + v +being+ past participle.

Examples:

1. I am cleaning the room. (active)

The room is being cleaned by me. (passive)

2. The company is hiring new workers. (active)

New workers are being hired by the company. (passive)

Passive in Past continuous

1-Active: was – were + verb +ing

2-Passive: was- were+ being + past participle.

Examples:

1. I was cleaning the room. (active)

The room was being cleaned by me. (passive)

2. The company was hiring new workers. (active)

New workers were being hired by the company. (passive)

See Also
What are the relative clauses?
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