English Language Languages

Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English

Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express the action or task that started in the past and continues in present.

Keywords:

  • for two hours,
  • for ________
  • how long
  • since morning,
  • since ______

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + been + Base form(+ing)

I have been traveling.

Positive Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + been + V1(+ing) + …

Examples:

  • She has been playing tennis for two hours.
  • The child has been studying since morning.
  • He has been kneading the floor.
  • have been watching my favorite movie.
  • They have been working in this office since last month.

Negative Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + not + been + V1(+ing) + …

Examples:

  • Sarah has not been making a sponge cake.
  • She has not been reading her favorite book.
  • He has not been planting for four hours.
  • They have not been studying since morning.
  • have not been traveling.

Questions in Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Has/have + subject + been + V1(+ing) + … +?

Examples:

  • Has she been studying since morning?
  • Has he been planting for three hours?
  • Have they been traveling for three days?
  • Has the farmer been ploughing the fields?
  • Has he been smoking since 2015?

Usage of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. Emphasis on duration of action. (I have been learning French since I went to school.)
  2. To express anger and irritation. (Why have you been disturbing me?)
  3. Time bound expressions (since, for, lately, how long). ([He has been watching TV for two hours], [He has been smoking since 2016]).

See Also
Present Perfect Simple Tense
Simple Future Tense

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