Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English

Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express the action or task that started in the past and continues in present.

Keywords:

  • for two hours,
  • for ________
  • how long
  • since morning,
  • since ______

Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + been + Base form(+ing)

I have been traveling.

Positive Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + been + V1(+ing) + …

Examples:

  • She has been playing tennis for two hours.
  • The child has been studying since morning.
  • He has been kneading the floor.
  • have been watching my favorite movie.
  • They have been working in this office since last month.

Negative Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + has/have + not + been + V1(+ing) + …

Examples:

  • Sarah has not been making a sponge cake.
  • She has not been reading her favorite book.
  • He has not been planting for four hours.
  • They have not been studying since morning.
  • have not been traveling.

Questions in Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Has/have + subject + been + V1(+ing) + … +?

Examples:

  • Has she been studying since morning?
  • Has he been planting for three hours?
  • Have they been traveling for three days?
  • Has the farmer been ploughing the fields?
  • Has he been smoking since 2015?

Usage of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. Emphasis on duration of action. (I have been learning French since I went to school.)
  2. To express anger and irritation. (Why have you been disturbing me?)
  3. Time bound expressions (since, for, lately, how long). ([He has been watching TV for two hours], [He has been smoking since 2016]).

See Also
Present Perfect Simple Tense
Simple Future Tense