Present Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express the action or task that started in the past and continues in present.
- for two hours,
- for ________
- how long
- since morning,
- since ______
Structure of Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Subject + has/have + been + Base form(+ing)
I have been traveling.
Positive Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Subject + has/have + been + V1(+ing) + …
- She has been playing tennis for two hours.
- The child has been studying since morning.
- He has been kneading the floor.
- I have been watching my favorite movie.
- They have been working in this office since last month.
Negative Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Subject + has/have + not + been + V1(+ing) + …
- Sarah has not been making a sponge cake.
- She has not been reading her favorite book.
- He has not been planting for four hours.
- They have not been studying since morning.
- I have not been traveling.
Questions in Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Has/have + subject + been + V1(+ing) + … +?
- Has she been studying since morning?
- Has he been planting for three hours?
- Have they been traveling for three days?
- Has the farmer been ploughing the fields?
- Has he been smoking since 2015?
Usage of Present Perfect Continuous Tense
- Emphasis on duration of action. (I have been learning French since I went to school.)
- To express anger and irritation. (Why have you been disturbing me?)
- Time bound expressions (since, for, lately, how long). ([He has been watching TV for two hours], [He has been smoking since 2016]).