English Language Languages

Present Simple Vs Present Continuous With Exercises [PDF]

Present Simple

The present tense is the base form of the verb
The simple present tense is one of several forms of the present tense in English. It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements. The simple present tense is simple to form. Just use the base form of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take) The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. (he takes, she takes)
1- we use the present simple to talk about things in general
2- We use the present simple to talk about things that happen every day or repeatedly OR PERMANENT ACTIONS( I go to school every day – I wake up at 7 o’clock every day…..)
3- We use Present Simple to talk about facts ( The Earth goes around the Sun)


  • For facts
    Water freezes at zero degrees.
    The Earth revolves around the Sun.
    Her mother is Peruvian.
  • For habits
    1-He drinks tea at breakfast.
    2-She only eats fish.
    3-They watch television regularly.
  • For repeated actions or events
    1-We catch the bus every morning.
    2-It rains every afternoon in the hot season.
    3-They drive to Monaco every summer.
  • For instructions or directions
    1-Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water.
    2-You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford.
  • For fixed arrangements
    1-His mother arrives tomorrow.
    2-Our holiday starts on the 26th of March
  • With future constructions
    1-She’ll see you before she leaves.
    2-We’ll give it to her when she arrives.

Present Continuous

1- He is reading a newspaper now.

2-She is sleeping at the moment.

3- the cat is eating the chicken.

*As we see these examples, we use the present continuous to talk about something that is happening now or around the time of speaking but the action not finished.

4- I Am living with my friends until I find a flat.

5- You are working hard today.

  • As we see in these examples we can talk about temporary actions.


Form of  Present continuous

  • “He-She-It”  + verb +ing


Keywords of Present Continuous




4-At the moment

5-At present


Exercise For Present Simple & Present Continuous

Find the mistakes in the sentences and correct it;

1-water is boiling at 100 degrees Celsius.  (                             )


2-Look ! the woman eats the chicken.       (                             )


3-The moon is going around the earth.     (                           )


4-The bird sings now.                               (                           )


5-It is raining in the winter.                      (                           )


Put the verbs in the correct form using present simple or continuous:

1- Let’s go out, It ……..(not/rain) now.


2-We usually …….(grow)  vegetables in our garden.


3-The river Nile…….(flow) into the Mediterranean.


4-He………(go) out at the moment.


5- Hurry up! It’s time to leave .” ok, I ……. (come).

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