4G and 5G

What is The Difference Between 4G & 5G Networks?


One of the biggest differences between 4G and 5G is peak capacitance and delay. For example, the peak capacity of the 5G UWB sector is in Gb per second compared to 4G in mb per second. In addition, delays, the time it takes for information to be sent from the device to use by the recipient, are significantly reduced over 5G networks, speeding up uploads and downloads. Another big difference between 4G and 5G is the size of the bandwidth. 5G should be able to support more devices in the future, in addition to the network demand for connected cars and other devices on the Internet of Things.


What does this all mean to you as a user and consumer?

High speeds should occur in high-density areas such as airports and urban areas, as large amounts of information can be transferred between devices faster than ever before. Thanks to lower latency and increased bandwidth, you should be able to stream 4K video in seconds. 5G needs to be a network that provides the speed and efficiency that everyone needs.
Communicating using separate bands, 5G is smarter, more energy efficient, and faster than any previous band. Some predict that if you are using 4G, it will be nearly 10 times faster than your current network
If 4G struggles frequently during peak hours, 5G will allow more users to connect at the same time. This eliminates network congestion and allows users to stream live TV with little or no buffering. However, industry experts argue that reduced latency and faster speeds are just the tip of the iceberg of this promising technology, and future innovations will use 5G’s improved connectivity to help us. It is expected to power some of the most important communications advances of the generation.


4G Network

4G is the 4th generation mobile phone technology. This follows 3G (3rd generation) and 2G (2nd generation) mobile technologies.
Launched in the 1990s, 2G technology has made it possible to make digital phone calls and send text. Then, in 2003, 3G came along, allowing you to browse web pages, make video calls, and download music and videos on the move. 4G technology is built on what 3G offers, but it does everything much faster.


Standard 4G (or 4G LTE) is about 5-7 times faster than 3G and offers theoretical speeds up to about 150Mbps. This corresponds to a potential maximum speed of about 80 Mbps in the real world.
With standard 4G, you can download 2GB of HD film in 3 minutes and 20 seconds, but with a standard 3G network it takes more than 25 minutes.


The current standard for cellular networks, 4G, was released in the late 2000s and is 500 times faster than 3G. We were able to support high resolution mobile TV, video conferencing, etc. The maximum speed is 10’s of megabyte per second when the device is moving, and hundreds of Mbps when the device is stationary, such as when walking with a mobile phone or in a car. I will. The peak capacity of the 20MHz bandwidth sector is 400Mbps. However, because users share available sector capacity, the speed experience they can observe is typically 10’s to hundreds of Mbps.

By 2024, as many as 24 billion devices are expected to need cellular network support as more people access mobile devices and the Internet of Things expands. That’s where 5G comes in.


5G Network

5G technology was developed in collaboration with various companies and organizations around the world through 3GPP, a standards body.
5G is a global and open standard. In short, anyone can read about how 5G works and its requirements. Global 5G standardization ensures that devices and networks work together, no matter where you are in the world or using any particular device.


Ericsson has been an active member of 3GPP since its inception and has contributed significantly to the development of 5G, especially in areas related to ultra-lean wireless design, security and subscriber privacy, network slicing, and energy efficiency.


5G can act as many different Networks:


This cool 5G technology is called network slicing. Network slices can be tailored for specific purposes and act as their own independent network. Each slice can optimize the characteristics required for a particular service without wasting resources on what is not needed. It is a smart 5G core network that enables slicing, and also guarantees the connectivity and performance that each slice is configured to provide.


5G is designed for more than a phone:


5G is designed to connect far more types of devices than smartphones. 4G provides a versatile connection and all devices receive the same service, but 5G is different. For smartwatches that run on small batteries, 5G can provide connections that consume very little energy. For industrial robots, 5G can provide a very stable and fast connection. This is worth it as in the future there will be more new types of connected devices, each requiring a connection with a different level of performance and characteristics.

5G means speed and capacity:


Depending on the frequency band, the amount of information that radio waves can carry is limited. When that limit is reached, someone else needs to decrease in order for someone to get better speed. 5G adds more capacity and “space” to use. This means more space for everyone and faster data speed on your device.

Device Intelligence:

Unlike 4G network, 5G network has the ability to differentiate between fixed and mobile devices. It uses cognitive radio techniques to identify each device and offer the most suitable delivery channel. This means that each user will get a much more customized internet connection relative to 4G network; according to their device capability and local reception environment.

What will 5G enable?

Reduced latency will be the key differentiating factor between 4G network and 5G network. This alone will be enough to entice many of the world’s largest industries to adopt the network as fast as possible. Some industry experts predict that 5G network will eventually power smart cities and large-scale projects, so let’s consider how such new technology might affect consumers across the globe:

  • Healthcare. Healthcare providers can create sensor networks to track their patients and share information faster than ever before.
  • Infrastructure. Better communication means more efficient travel and distribution of goods and services across the globe.
  • Public safety. A vast network and rapid response times mean that public works can respond to incidents and emergencies in seconds rather than minutes, and municipalities can react fast and with reduced costs.
  • Autonomous vehicles. 5G network will allow cars to communicate between themselves and with infrastructure on the road, improving safety and alerting drivers to travel conditions and performance information.

See Also
Types of Network Protocols