Business & Management

The Present Perfect Simple Tense in English

Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences.

Positive Present Perfect Tense

  • ‘have’ / ‘has’ + the past participle
  • Make the past participle by adding ‘ed’ to regular verbs (for example, ‘play’ becomes ‘played’)
  • There are a few verbs that change their spelling when you add ‘ed’ (for example, ‘Cry’ becomes ‘Cried’)
  • We also have some completely irregular verbs


  • You have worked or you‘ve worked
  • She has walked or she‘s walked

Negative Present Perfect Tense

The negative is really simple too. Just put ‘not‘ after ‘have‘ or ‘has


  • He has not played football or He hasn’t played football
  • We have not slept all night or We haven’t slept all night


Questions in the Present Perfect Tense

To make a question, put ‘have‘ or ‘has‘ in front of the subject

Yes or No Questions

have I missed the bus?
have you visited Paris?
has he worked as a waiter before?
has he met John?
has it been hot this week?
have we arrived too early?
have they studied History before?

‘Wh’ Questions

where have I left my mobile?
what have you done today?
why has he gone already?
where has she been in the UK?
why has it rained so much this winter?
what have we done?
where have they learned French before?

See Also
Adverbs in English
Future Simple Tense
Using the Semicolon in English