Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences.
Positive Present Perfect Tense
- ‘have’ / ‘has’ + the past participle
- Make the past participle by adding ‘ed’ to regular verbs (for example, ‘play’ becomes ‘played’)
- There are a few verbs that change their spelling when you add ‘ed’ (for example, ‘Cry’ becomes ‘Cried’)
- We also have some completely irregular verbs
- You have worked or you‘ve worked
- She has walked or she‘s walked
Negative Present Perfect Tense
The negative is really simple too. Just put ‘not‘ after ‘have‘ or ‘has‘
- He has not played football or He hasn’t played football
- We have not slept all night or We haven’t slept all night
Questions in the Present Perfect Tense
To make a question, put ‘have‘ or ‘has‘ in front of the subject
Yes or No Questions
have I missed the bus?
have you visited Paris?
has he worked as a waiter before?
has he met John?
has it been hot this week?
have we arrived too early?
have they studied History before?
where have I left my mobile?
what have you done today?
why has he gone already?
where has she been in the UK?
why has it rained so much this winter?
what have we done?
where have they learned French before?