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Different Types of Wireless Network Protocols

Wireless Network Protocols

Are you searching for the different types of wireless network protocols? Then you’re at the right place. There are various types and functions of every wireless protocol. 

When communicating, it is crucial to agree on how to proceed. If one party speaks French and the other German, communication may fail. They both must agree on the language, and then the communication will work.

Below we have compiled a complete but not exhaustive list. It is a list of the Internet of Things (IoT) protocols in no particular order. If you want to compare IoT network protocols, this is the place to start.

But beware: don’t choose a protocol until you know what your application needs. The decision that you need interoperability or a protocol for a major player in the industry before knowing which technology is best for your application does not exist.

Our advice? Learn more about these IoT wireless network protocols, but don’t write them down until you know what to do.

First, you have to know about the meaning of a wireless network. 

Wireless Network Meaning

Wireless networks are computer networks that do not connect with cables. It allows companies to avoid using a costly cable running through buildings. Instead, the connections between different devices are made with a wireless network. Radio waves are the basis of wireless systems. It is an implementation that takes place at the physical level of the network structure.

Wireless networks use radio waves to connect devices like laptops to the Internet, domains, and applications. Our laptops connect to network access points in public places. They then connect to the corporate wireless network.

Wireless Network Protocols

TCP / IP is a set of protocols, each with its own function or purpose. These wireless network protocols are developed with international standardization bodies. 

It is used on almost all platforms globally so that all devices on the Internet can communicate successfully. 802.11 wireless network protocols have gone through several iterations, each exceeding its capability and speed from the previous version.

3 Types of wireless networks according to their functionality

Wi-Fi devices can use three main modes. These modes determine the role that these devices play in the network. Networks must consist of a combination of devices that operate in these different modes. How you set up your device depends on the types of connections you plan to use between parts of the network.

Wireless Clients:

Devices like computers, tablets, and phones are Internet clients. If you use an Internet point or WLAN router at home or in the office, your device is a client. This client mode is called “station mode.”

Some routers can also act as clients. They can act as a wireless card on your computer and connect to other access points. 

It can connect two Ethernet networks or multiple remote access points.

Access Points:

It is likely to be done by connecting to an access point with a private key to log in. If the router configures in the login configuration, it is in “Main” or “Infrastructure” mode.

Sometimes an access point is a standalone device that bridges the distance between a wireless network and a wired (Ethernet) network or is part of a router. APs (Access Points) can use the radio signal to cover several areas, depending on the strength of the device and the type of antenna.

Ad-Hoc Node:

It allows these devices to connect directly without an access point between communications. It is another type of network – in ad-hoc mode, all devices are responsible for sending and receiving messages to other devices – and nothing in between. In an ad-hoc network, all devices must have this role and use the same configuration to participate. 

Types of wireless network protocols according to frequencies:


Not all devices work with all versions, so it is crucial to know which version of the wireless network protocol your device uses. In general, newer devices may support the newest protocols, while older devices may not. Devices usually support different protocols.

Another well-known radio standard is Bluetooth. Blue-ray toys have relatively low power consumption and can locate about nine meters away. Blu-ray networks also use an unregulated 2.4 GHz frequency band and are limited to a maximum of eight connected devices. The maximum transfer rate is 1 Mbit/s.

Additional standards develop in this growing area of ​​wireless networks. Do your homework, consider the benefits of the new protocols against the cost of equipment for those protocols, and then choose the standard that is right for you.

Wi-Fi 6 Protocol:

The latest version of the 802.11 standards is 802.11ax, also known as Wi-Fi 6. Increasingly, it includes network-efficient devices and applications that are compatible with mobile phones and IoT devices.

Wi-Fi 6 has an orthogonal arrangement of multiple access frequencies (OFDMA). It equips with a multifunctional multiplexer (MU-MIMO), which allows the simultaneous use of several devices.

802.11ax is more efficient and secure than previous versions of the wireless network protocol.

Wi-Fi 5 Protocol:

802.11ac, also known as Wi-Fi 5, added questionable support to its tool. It can use the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands simultaneously. 802.11ac is about three times faster than the previous 802.11n standard. This protocol supports eight streams, more than the four 802.11n standards.

802.11n or Wi-Fi 4 Protocol:

802.11n uses Multi-Input / Multi-Output (MIMO) technology and expands the high-frequency channel with its predecessors. Increases wireless network (WLAN) speed and increases reliability. It operates at 600 Mbps and transmits ten times faster than 802.11g. It runs with the frequency of the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz bands.

802.11g Protocol:

The 802.11g standard has improved over the previous 802.11b standard. It uses the same 2.4 GHz as other standard wireless devices, but 802.11g is faster and can transmit speeds of up to 54 Mbps. However, the 802.11g device is backward compatible with the 802.11b protocol, meaning that they can continue to communicate with the 802.11b device.


I conclude that wireless network protocol types are crucial to understanding wireless networks. It is essential to understand the purpose of each protocol to run a specific command. Besides, each refers to specific devices.