What is insurance?
People have invented some kind of fantastic concept called insurance during its history and it has been an absolute lifeline for people all over the world. Unless you’ve been living under a hammer your entire life, you’ll probably know what insurance is. The dictionary defines insurance as :
An arrangement in which a company or a State, i.e. the insurer, undertakes to provide a guarantee for compensation for the damage, damage, illness, or death of the insured person specified against the payment of a premium determined.
Insurance has been around for centuries. One hundred years ago, when ships were destroyed and sailors lost their cargo, they came up with the idea that by sharing the cargo between ships, they could also share their risks. Total financial decimation has been avoided. The same principle also applies in this case. Thousands of people pay small sums to cover the cost of a few in times of crisis.
Now, the premium you pay each year is only a small part of the sum insured and you manage to pay it back each year. But for any business to be profitable, the income must be greater than the expense. Have you ever wondered how insurance companies work? If what you pay your insurance company is only a small portion of what you pay when you submit a claim, how do they even make any money? How are they themselves in business and a fairly profitable one?
To answer these questions, let’s first take a look at the business model.
Business model for insurance companies
The business model of insurance companies is risk-based. Pricing is determined by pricing, which risks using sophisticated algorithms and statistical tools that vary between companies and types of insurance. When an insurance company offers a conditional payment of an apparently large sum, the probability that the insured will claim that this payment is calculated is extended and extended throughout the period of premium payment.
The amount collected in the form of premiums from different people is a little more than what the insurance company has to pay one of the insureds each year. This is because most of the income comes from the interest generated by investing the prize money in secure short-term assets. This is what generates profits for an insurance company and covers expenses such as commissions, salaries, administrative costs, etc.
When a customer submits a complaint, the authenticity and accuracy of the complaint is verified before payment is made, in order to minimize losses resulting from false claims. There is insurance for everything in the world today, from life and property to cars and even travel. The basic business model remains essentially the same, although the process for determining the price amount and payment terms may vary.
So How Do Insurance Companies Make Money?
Insurance companies make money in two ways:
Subscription Income: This is the difference between the amount of winnings collected from people as a prize and that paid out when a claim is filed at the time of need.
Investment Income: What you pay as a premium is then invested in such a way that it earns interest over time and is used to cover various expenses of the insurance company. Most insurance companies have well diversified portfolios and invest in high risk and high risk securities.
Why is Premium different for different people?
Prices vary from person to person. Let me give you a simple example to explain why.
Let’s say that you have insured your health and you are a healthy person. Your friend has insured his health with the same insurance company, but he is an alcoholic in his own right and on the verge of cirrhosis. The likelihood of your friend ending up in a hospital would be much higher than yours. As an insurance company, it is clearly stated to add an additional premium to your friend as they are more likely to join a hospital and make a claim. As far as we know, someone who will fit you just as well as ever needs to visit a hospital. So the money the insurance company receives from people like you is used by people like your friend. When an insurance company assumes greater risk, the corresponding premium also increases. This is also calledloading premiums .
Is everyone making money at the time of the claim?
If this is the case and you have all the necessary documentation and evidence, the requests will be processed without error. Most insurance companies have over 90% claims settlement. So in 9 out of 10 cases on average you receive the insured amount when you apply. If you lie about your personal and other relevant details when you apply for insurance, there is another problem. Continue with the example above, if you and your friend, let’s say your friend does not disclose alcohol addiction and liver condition when you apply for insurance in order to avoid paying higher premiums. The insurer is free to pay nothing to your friend if he later finds out when he is making the claim in case of need.
You might be wondering how the insurance companies themselves are able to pay over 100-200 times the prize amount when you claim it. It may sound unbelievable to you, but insurance companies come up with the amount of the price after careful research and estimation. The premium received each year by everyone is therefore a little more than what they have to pay at the time of the claim. If there are 100 insured people, there will only be 3 people who would apply and the other 97 would not. As the insurance industry is operating at full capacity, these odds keep insurance funds strong and in good shape. The
How do insurance companies set premiums for an insurance policy?
Insurance companies track the claims rate or tapforhold for each year. This ratio of the total amount paid in damages and other adjustment costs to the total amount earned in premiums. On the basis of this ratio, the premiums are calculated for the coming years. The insurance company takes into account all expenses, including management fees and commissions, and then has a margin of 2-5%.
At the end of the year, the actual payments are compared to the initial estimates and the premiums are future matters adjusted accordingly.
Here are other factors taken into account for some of the most important types of insurance:
Life insurance: Life insurance companies consider the average lifespan of a person to get an estimate of the amount of premium to charge and the number of years of claim cost coverage.
Health Insurance: Health insurance companies take into account all the information such as a person’s age and medical history, current condition, costs for various medical procedures, related expenses, inflation, etc. . to determine their premiums.
Auto Insurance: Auto insurance companies take the age of the car into account when determining the amount of the price. This information helps them decide how the car will behave, how often to perform maintenance, how likely the car will be in an accident, etc.
We have seen how beneficial insurance can be in unforeseen situations. It keeps us relaxed and relaxed and also gives insurance companies the money to invest and maintain the economy. At the end of the day, insurance is a volume game. Insurance companies operate like casinos and know they have every chance of success. Even though this is an overwhelming number of claims in a year, it is expected to level out over the next year. In the long run, they have to be profitable. As for you, you want to make sure of all the precious things you own, including your life. You never know when or how life throws a curve ball at you.